5 Principles of an Effective Core Skincare Regimen
“Regimen” may sound restrictive and boring, but a consistent daily regimen is in fact your skin’s best friend. Like with anything in life, a consistent regimen tells you over time what’s working and what needs change because it gives you a solid benchmark to start from. In that way, it not only helps your skin, but it also helps you to get to know your skin better. How to get started?
Select 4-5 products for daily use that provide a solid framework for your skin type and address your top concerns. You can add extra treatment products, like masks or special items, once you feel comfortable with your core and confident that you will stick to it AM and PM. Here are the key elements and principles in a great core:
1. Cleanse: Gentle is Key
A good cleanser removes dirt and make-up without stripping skin. Feeling refreshed is good. Feeling “squeaky clean” is overkill. When you strip your skin of its own natural lipid barrier, it’s hard to add it back through product. With a good cleanser, your skin should still feel comfortable and not taut for a whole minute or so after cleansing and before applying a moisturizer.
2. Tone: Focus on Hydration and Skin-Friendly Ingredients
All skin types, including oily skin, can get dehydrated. Dehydration means that your skin is lacking water and can result in fine dry lines, irritation and redness. Look for a toner with water-binding ingredients, like Hyaluronic Acid or Tamarind Seed Extract. It will plump skin and keep it soft and supple while also making your moisturizer more productive. Avoid irritating and drying products that contain ingredients like alcohol.
3. Treat: Commit to an Antioxidant-Rich Serum
Antioxidants help prevent premature skin-aging and can even reverse existing signs of aging, such as dullness, lines and wrinkles, large pores and loss of firmness. They also decrease redness and other signs of stress. Serums, which are highly concentrated formulations, are great ways to provide skin directly with an extra dose of antioxidants and nutrients. What specific ingredients to look for? Botanicals rich in antioxidants include Turmeric, Clove Flower, Indian Gooseberry, Tea Extracts, Goji Berry and Kombucha.
4. Moisturize: Enhance and Balance
Whether you have dry or oily skin, the point is to help your skin reach and maintain a healthy balance. If you are dry, choose a moisturizer that enhances and helps rebuild your skin’s own lipid barrier with ingredient that are rich in essential fatty acids, phyto-sterols and/ or ceramide (e.g. Candlenut Oil and Rice Bran Oil). If you are oily, look for ingredients that help purify pores, reduce shine and balance sebum-production (e.g. Ginger, Cinnamon).
5. Protect Daily
Whether you prefer a straight sun screen, a moisturizer or foundation with built-in protection, or a protective powder, consistency is key. Look for a minimum of SPF15 for daily use and make sure it provides broad-spectrum (meaning UVB + UBA) protection.